What do Lutherans believe about the Lord’s Supper?

The Lord’s Supper, a sacrament, is Christ’s very body and blood, “under the bread and wine,” given and shed for the forgiveness of sins (Matt. 26:26-28; Mk. 14:22-24; Lk. 22:19-20; 1 Cor. 10:16; 11:23-26).  It is a “means of grace,” through which God gives “forgiveness of sins, life, and salvation.”

Though it is a gift, it can be take to one’s judgment (1 Cor. 11:27-29).  Out of love for the Lord and His Word and concern and for those who partake of the Lord’s Supper, Lutheran’s practice close(d) communion, communing only with those who hold the same confession of faith, for the Lord’s Supper is also an expression of the unity in doctrine (faith) confessed at the altar.

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Meal of Salvation

These Words of Christ in which He instituted the sacred meal are the very Words of our Lord on the night that He was betrayed. On that night, Jesus held what is called the ‘Last Supper’ with His disciples. But that ‘Last Supper’ is not ‘Last’ for us. Our Lord says, As often as you eat this bread and drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death till He comes (1 Corinthians 11:26).

The meal in which we partake of Christ’s very body and blood is a proclamation of the Lord’s death till He comes again in His glory. It is a meal of remembrance. It is also a meal in which the Lord Himself distributes what only He Himself gives. Though the eyes see one thing, the ears hear another. We see bread and wine, but the Lord says that more is going on than meets the eye. The Lord would have us believe what He says. This is how one eats and drinks the true body and blood of our Lord worthily, by faith in the very Words that the Lord speaks.

Though your eyes and reason say something different, believe what God speaks in His Word, and His promises are yours, even the forgiveness of all your sins. You might not understand it, but that’s ok. The Lord would not have you to understand it. He would have you believe it, not according to your eyes, but according to His Word. This is where true confidence and lasting peace are found…

2011MTSermon.Matthew 26.17-30.pdf

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